Hasankeyf

24 Nov

To curl up and take over the Tigris river from north to south in those days through the river because a significant portion of trade Hasankeyf, Turkey developed as commercial and economic. Artukid Hasankeyf area (1232) Ayyubids, yet the region is not fully dominated by the Mongol invasion and destruction encountered. Such as the location of many settlements was also play havoc.

Hasankeyf

Hasankeyf

” Hısn Keyfa by medieval Islamic historians known as “the city’s many historical records indicate that the name is more. Probably the most powerful and natural rocks, fortified castle, and took this name because of the geographical structure of protection is very suitable. Hamevi geographer Yakut al-Islam, was said to Keybâ Hısn here and mistook it says that Armenian. Roman historians Kipas here, gave the names of Cehpa or Ciphas. Syriac, which means rock stone “Kifaya”, this name is given relative to the said word. Sources into the hands of the Muslims about the place, “Hısn Luğûb as” known. In Ottoman records “Hısnkeyf as” pass.

Hasankeyf

Hasankeyf

Ayyubids, Mongolian After recovering from the shock of Hasankeyf since the early 14th century reconstruction began. Especially today with the signature of Hasankeyf and many works of art in the Ayyubids, reached the summit of Sultan Suleyman the time of the construction activities. Hasankeyf, was one of the brightest periods in the history of these years. Finally, unable to withstand against the power of the Ottomans, Safavids worn down by the pressures and internal account Ayyubids, Ottomans left here in 1515. From this date, the city has since lost its historical importance.Three Main Cultural District Hasankeyf

1 – the first international empire in history marked by the Assyrians of Mesopotamia founded;
2 – Europe and around the Mediterranean cultures together and form the basis of the Western world of the Roman Empire;
3 – both their own internal creation, as well as the Far East and the Near East in the role of conductor in itself constitute an international cultural environment of Central Asia and Iran.

Geographical Position

Tigris River on the east coast, south of Midyat Mountains, north of the mountains of Turkey‘s oil is produced by Raman. Besiri district north of the town center and Batman, south Gercüş district, east of the province of Siirt, Batman and the center of the town is on the west Gercüş. The northern side of the town, across the Tigris river curves are the limits. The county is dominated by continental climate, the highest temperature 40-43 degrees, 6-8 degrees is the lowest rating. The average annual number of rainy days is 90.

Hasankeyf

Hasankeyf

Bridge
There is an inscription on the bridge, there is no exact date of construction is not known. Only the medieval historian Ibn Artuklu Fahrettin Karaaslan in 1116 the bridge was carried out by Havkal say, but this date coincides with the years of reign of his father David Karaaslan. Since this is a contradiction since leaving researchers mason marks and figures on the bridge by moving the work may belong to Artuklu.

bridge

bridge

Hasankeyf into the hands of the Muslims about the source is mentioned here, a bridge opening and closing. Therefore, for the period of the ancient bridge may be, or may be made ​​by the ancient foundations of the possibility of Artuk comes to mind. Bridge of Hasankeyf, Batman (Malabadi) to be similar to bridge, built by Artuk strengthens the possibility. As the largest range of arch bridges in the Middle Ages. The middle belt clearance between the two piers that is 40 meters.

bridge

bridge

The Grand Palace
Under the Grand Mosque is located in the north of the castle. Largely destroyed and remains under dent. To the north, overlooking the river front rounded buttresses supported. Front entrance to the palace in the middle of it taking place. Strong at the ground floor of shops and warehouses, while the upper floor consisted of dwellings.

Grand Palace

Grand Palace

The most important feature of the structure independently of the building, in front of the entrance door is a rectangular tower rising. This is built of cut stone, stones, metal as well as the foot of the bridge clamped cramps. Because of this feature at the bottom of the tower has fallen despite the willful destruction. This is either an observation tower, lightning, or doing the task. Although there is no inscription on the structure of the palace mason marks are similar to the marks on the bridge because it was made by Artuk said.

Grand Palace

Grand Palace

Hasankeyf Castle
The use of the castle as a place of settlement, based on thousands of years before Christ can be said. To determine the exact date on this subject do not have any information or evidence. Transformed into a castle A.D. Has been in 363. At this time the Byzantines, made ​​a fortress against the Sassanids, and the limits of Hasankeyf has been preserved.

Hasankeyf castle

Hasankeyf castle

The castle consists of rocks as a whole, of course. One of the two flight of stairs lead to the east with the west, can be reached here. The eastern route is quite broad, the doors are made ​​of rubble furnished and intervals. We have already mentioned some of these gates. Even with the door Artuk period of seven on the road passes through the dates. Carved into the rocks north of the castle, of course, collapses completely hidden, but now emerged partly as a result of the way the two ladders are available. Normal means that the inhabitants of the castle, the castle stairs periods of water ways resection Tigris meet their water needs.

Hasankeyf castle

Hasankeyf castle

EL-Rızkı Mosque
It iss situated on east of the Tigris River near the foot bridge. Work in the inscription at the entrance portal, was built in 1409 by the Ayyubid Sultan Suleyman. Today, only the minaret of the mosque has remained stable. The inscription at the bottom of the portal entrance partially collapsed floral ornaments of the ninety-nine names of God written. One of the important features of the mosque and the minaret of the mosque is two-way.

El-rızkı mosque

El-rızkı mosque

Zeynel Bey Tomb
Hasankeyf is the only one of the dominant of Akkoyunlu a short period of time. Zeynel the son of Uzun Hasan Bey is understood from the inscription on.

Zeynel bey tomb

Zeynel bey tomb

Grand Mosque in the castle
The first is the work of the Ayyubids in Hasankeyf. In 1325 a church was built on the remains. Usually made ​​of rubble stone minaret like structure. Plaster decorations and inscriptions in the north of the minaret is remarkable. Wooden pulpit in the mosque surviving inscription, articles, and is one of the rare ruins survived with carved ornament.

Grand mosque

Grand mosque

Small Palace
Located in north-eastern end of the castle. The palace was built on the cut down from the rock mass. Hasankeyf is one of the earliest works of the Ayyubid dynasty. On north-facing window in front of two lions in relief, this relief is located in the middle of the plate kufi. Coincides with the northern and western walls of the palace traces of plaster decorations.

small palace

small palace

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.